Diabetic Eye Disease
Diabetic eye disease can affect many parts of the eye. There are two conditions that affect people with diabetes.
Diabetic Retinopathy happens when chronically high blood sugar from diabetes is associated with damage to the tiny blood vessels in the retina. There are four stages of diabetic retinopathy: mild non-proliferative retinopathy, moderate non-proliferative retinopathy, severe non-proliferative retinopathy, and proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
People with all types of diabetes are at risk for diabetic retinopathy. The risk increases the longer a person has diabetes.
Diabetic Macular Edema is the build up of fluid in the area of the retina called the macula. Diabetic macular edema is the most common cause of vision loss among people with diabetic retinopathy.